the faucet off while brushing your teeth.
a glass of water for rinsing your teeth.
shaving, use a sink filled with rinse water.
not let the faucet flow.
short showers instead of baths and consider bathing small children together.
not use the toilet as a trash can.
the shower has a single hand control or shut off valve, turn off the
flow while soaping or shampooing.
a bottle of drinking water instead of letting a faucet flow until the
water is cold enough to drink.
the faucet off while cleaning vegetables.Rinse
them in the sink with the drain closed or in a pan of water.
you wash dishes by hand, do not leave the faucet flowing for rinsing.
Instead, use a dish rack and spray device to rinse them. If you have
two sinks, fill one with soapy water and one with rinse water. Fill
the sink with water to pre-rinse dishes before putting them in the dishwasher.
an empty container near sinks. Put it under the faucet while waiting
for water to warm up. Pour any leftover water from cooking or drinking
into it. Once full, use the water for gardening.
a bucket in the shower to catch water that is wasted while waiting for
the shower water to warm up.
Take dirty water from birdbaths, flower vases or pet dishes and reuse
on potted plants.
bottled water instead of tap water.
of using hot water to defrost foods, defrost foods in the refrigerator
overnight or use a microwave.
your garden weed-free, since weeds use available water in the soil.
it rains, leave buckets outside to collect water for washing cars and
watering plants and gardens.
off ice-makers for refrigerators and use trays instead.
recyclable plates and cups to cut down on dishwashing.
phosphate detergents or bleach are not used in the wash, rinse water
from the washing machine can be used on the garden.
downspouts, with extensions if needed, so rain water runs onto the lawn
or into the garden, not down the walk or driveway.
a dehumidifier exists, use the water it collects to water plants and
If a water softener exists, use the regenerated wastewater to water
the lawn and plants.
Install a low-flow showerhead that limits the flow from the shower to
less than three gallons per minute.
short showers and install a cutoff valve, or turn the water off while
washing and back on again only to rinse.
a shower instead of taking a bath. Showers with low-flow showerheads
often use less water than taking a bath.
Reduce the level of the water being used in a bathtub by one or two
inches if a shower is not available.
hair in the shower. Shampooing in the shower takes only a little more
water than is used to shampoo hair during a bath and much less than
shampooing and bathing separately.
remodeling a bathroom, install a new low-volume flush toilet that uses
only 1.6 gallons per flush.
toilets for leaks. Add a few drops of food coloring or a dye tablet
to the water in the tank, but do not flush the toilet. Watch to see
if the coloring appears in the bowl within a few minutes. If it does,
the toilet has a silent leak that needs to be repaired.
a toilet tank displacement device such as a toilet dam or bag. Also,
a plastic bottle can be filled with stones or water, recapped, and placed
in the toilet tank. These devices will reduce the volume of water in
the tank but will still provide enough for flushing. (Bricks are not
recommended since they eventually crumble and could damage the working
mechanism.) Displacement devices are not recommended with new low-volume
use the toilet to dispose of cleansing tissues, cigarette butts, or
other trash. This wastes a great deal of water and also places an unnecessary
load on the sewage treatment plant or septic tank.
not use hot water when cold will do. Water and energy can be saved by
washing hands with soap and cold water. Hot water should be added only
when hands are especially dirty.
brushing teeth, turn the water off until it is time to rinse.
not let the water run when washing hands. Water should be turned off
while washing and scrubbing and be turned on again to rinse. A cutoff
valve may be installed on the faucet.
shaving, fill the lavatory basin with hot water instead of letting the
water run continuously.
Install faucet aerators to reduce water consumption.
the garbage disposal sparingly or start a compost pile.
run the dishwasher without a full load. This practice will save water,
energy, detergent, and money.
the dishes clean instead of rinsing them before washing. There is no
need to rinse unless they are heavily soiled.
Use only a little water in the pot and put a lid on it for cooking most
food. Not only does this method save water, but food is more nutritious
since vitamins and minerals are not poured down the drain with the extra
possible, use the lowest water-level setting on the washing machine
for light or partial loads.
a moisture meter to determine when house plants need water. More plants
die from over-watering than from being on the dry side.
only when needed. Look at the grass, feel the soil, or use a soil moisture
meter to determine when to water.
not over-water. Soil can hold only so much moisture, and the rest simply
runs off. A timer will help, and either a kitchen timer or an alarm
clock will do. Apply only enough water to fill the plants root
zone. Excess water beyond that is wasted. One and a half inches of water
applied once a week in the summer will keep most Texas grasses alive
lawns early in the morning during the hotter summer months. Otherwise,
much of the water used on the lawn can simply evaporate between the
sprinkler and the grass.
avoid excessive evaporation, use a sprinkler that produces large drops
of water, rather than a fine mist. Sprinklers that send droplets out
on a low angle also help control evaporation. Adjust sprinkler heads
as necessary, to avoid waste, runoff and ensure proper coverage.
automatic sprinkler systems to provide thorough, but infrequent watering.
Pressure-regulating devices should be set to design specifications.
Rain shutoff devices can prevent watering in the rain.
drip irrigation systems for bedded plants, trees, or shrubs, or turn
soaker hoses upside-down so the holes are on the bottom. This will help
slowly for better absorption, and never water on windy days.
about watering the streets or walks or driveways. They will never grow
the soil with mulch or compost before planting grass or flowerbeds so
that water will soak in rather than run off.
lawns at least twice a year for root stimulation, but do not over-fertilize.
Grass with a good root system makes better use of less water and is
not scalp lawns when mowing during hot weather. Taller grass holds moisture
better. Grass should be cut fairly often, so that only 1/2 to 3/4 inch
is trimmed off. A better looking lawn will result.
a watering can or hand water with the hose in small areas of the lawn
that need more frequent watering (those near walks or driveways or in
especially hot, sunny spots).
water-wise plants. Learn what types of grass, shrubbery, and plants
do best in the area and in which parts of the lawn, and then plant accordingly.
Choose plants that have low water requirements, are drought-tolerant,
and are adapted to the area of the state where they are to be planted.
decorating some areas of the lawn with wood chips, rocks, gravel, or
other materials now available that require no water at all.
not "sweep" walks and driveways with the hose. Use a broom
or rake instead.
washing the car, use a bucket of soapy water and turn on the hose only
and use waterwise concepts in your landscape.